23 August – Daily Reading of the Rule of St. Benedict

 osb
April 23, August 23, December 23

Chapter 65: On the Prior of the Monastery (Cont.)

To us, therefore, it seems expedient 
for the preservation of peace and charity
 
that the Abbot have in his hands
 
the full administration of his monastery.
 
And if possible let all the affairs of the monastery,
 
as we have already arranged,
 
be administered by deans according to the Abbot’s directions.
 
Thus, with the duties being shared by several,
 
no one person will become proud.

But if the circumstances of the place require it, 
or if the community asks for it with reason and with humility,
 
and the Abbot judges it to be expedient,
 
let the Abbot himself constitute as his Prior
 
whomsoever he shall choose
 
with the counsel of God-fearing brethren.

That Prior, however, shall perform respectfully 
the duties enjoined on him by his Abbot
 
and do nothing against the Abbot’s will or direction;
 
for the more he is raised above the rest,
 
the more carefully should he observe the precepts of the Rule.

If it should be found that the Prior has serious faults, 
or that he is deceived by his exaltation and yields to pride,
 
or if he should be proved to be a despiser of the Holy Rule,
 
let him be admonished verbally up to four times.
 
If he fails to amend,
 
let the correction of regular discipline be applied to him.
 
But if even then he does not reform,
 
let him be deposed from the office of Prior
 
and another be appointed in his place who is worthy of it.
 
And if afterwards he is not quiet and obedient in the community,
 
let him even be expelled from the monastery.
 
But the Abbot, for his part, should bear in mind
 
that he will have to render an account to God
 
for all his judgments,
 
lest the flame of envy or jealousy be kindled in his soul.

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